The field of finance deals with the concepts of time, money, risk and how they are interrelated. The general areas of finance are business finance, personal finance, and public finance.
Finance includes saving money and often includes lending money. It also deals with how money is spent and budgeted.
There are basically five steps in financial planning, the key component of personal finance ...
Assessment, Goal Setting, Plan Creation, Plan Execution, Monitoring and Reassessing Your Plan
Questions in personal finance revolve around how much money will be needed by an individual (or by a family), and when? How can people protect themselves against unforeseen personal events, as well as those in the external economy? How can family assets best be transferred across generations (bequests and inheritance)?
How does tax policy (tax subsidies or penalties) affect personal financial decisions? How does credit affect an individual's financial standing? How can one plan for a secure financial future in an environment of economic instability?
Personal financial decisions may involve paying for education, financing durable goods such as real estate and cars, buying insurance, e.g. health and property insurance, investing and saving for retirement. Personal financial decisions may also involve paying for a loan, or debt obligations.